Under the terms of Cameroon’s constitution, the state guarantees all citizens free primary school education. Two distinct educational systems operate within the country: Anglophone, in the Southwest and Northwest provinces, and Francophone, which is practiced in the remaining eight provinces. While there are few schools teaching in both French and English, the government envisions moving towards a truly bilingual system throughout the country.
Education in Botswana was originally based on the philosophy of “Education for Kagisano” meaning education for social harmony. In 1994, the National Policy on Education was revised to provide for the economy which was transitioning from agriculturally based to industrially based.
Benin is a former French colony that gained its independence in 1960 and therefore French is the official language and formal language of instruction. According to the Constitution of 1990, Benin guarantees access to free education for children to ensure that all Beninese people are healthy, balanced, educated, and technologically competent.
Thirty years of civil conflict left Angola with widespread shortages of classrooms and teachers. Now that the country is at peace, the Angolan government has committed to reforms aimed at improving access to learning for all citizens. With its economy returning to stability and with the help of the international community, Angola is making steady progress towards a brighter educational future.
According to the Algerian constitution, education is the basis for all economic and social change, and a means of promoting the country’s national identity, integrity and values. School is free and compulsory for children beginning at age 6 and for the nine years of primary school which follow.
El Salvador’s constitution decrees that education is a basic human right, fundamental to the growth of a democratic, prosperous and just society. School for children ages 7-15 is compulsory and free; the Salvadoran government also mandates free pre-kindergarten and kindergarten programs for younger children.
The Panamanian education system seeks to promote students’ social, economic and political development and to endow them with the capacity to think critically and creatively. School is universal, free and compulsory for children ages 4 to 17.
Dominica’s government recognizes the fundamental role of education toward the social well-being and economic prosperity of the Commonwealth’s citizens. 94% of Dominicans are literate, and school attendance for children between the ages of 5 and 16 is free and compulsory. Government-operated and private and church-sponsored schools serve some 70,000 students throughout the island.
Antigua and Barbuda boasts one of the highest literacy rates in the Eastern Caribbean – around 90 percent. Education is free and compulsory for children between the ages of 5 and 16, and is provided through a combination of public and church-sponsored schools. The islands’ government funds all school fees through a levy on citizens.
Education is the key to progress – so says the government of the Caribbean island nation of Grenada, which views education as a basic human need and right. Education of children ages 5-16 is compulsory and is provided through both public and private (largely church-sponsored) schools.